Do adults ever use schemes to organize their environment? Do the principles of assimila- tion and accommodation apply to adult learning as well as to children’s learning? How?
When faced with complex problems, do adults routinely use formal operations? What as- pects of a culture might encourage or discourage the use application of formal operational approaches?
If children’s cognitive development is dependent on interactions with others, what obligations does society have regarding such social settings as preschools and neighborhoods?
In what ways have educators and others begun to apply Vygotsky’s ideas in schools and communities? Should governments take an active role in this endeavor?